Title: Further Analysis of Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2006 

Abstract: Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2006 (NDHS 2006) is the seventh in a series of national-level population and health surveys and the third comprehensive survey of the global Demographic and Health Surveys program. The results of 2006 NDHS indicated an unprecedented decline in fertility; 3.1 per woman in 2006 from 4.6 births per woman in 1996. The survey shows that infant mortality and child mortality have decreased substantially from 79 deaths to 48 deaths per 1000 live births between the 1996 NFHS and the 2006 NDHS. This marks a tremendous improvement since 2001 when one out of 11 children died before the age of five. Unmet need has declined to 25 percent in 2006 NDHS from 31 percent in 1996 NFHS. Similarly, the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) has also declined; 281 per 100,000 live births during the period 2000-2006 from 539 per 100,000 live births during the period 1990-1996.

Realizing the need to examine and understand the factors, which have or might have caused these improvements in the key demographic and health indicators, a further analysis of the 2006 NDHS is being carried out in leadership of Macro International in association with Ministry of Health and Population and New ERA. The analysis is published on separate topics (i) Factors Responsible for the Rapid Decline of Fertility, (ii) Improvements in Maternal Health, (iii) Caste, Ethnic and Regional Identity, (iv) A Comparative Analysis of Unmet Need, (v) Effects of Communication Campaign on the Health Behavior of Women of Reproductive Age, (vi) Trends in Economic Differentials in Population and Health Outcomes, and (vii), The Treatment of Childhood Illness in Nepal. These studies are being carried out as part of a follow-up to the 2006 NDHS.

Sponsored By: Macro International Inc. / USA; September 2008, Availability: Click here for Full Text


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