This study was to investigate the “root causes” of entry of children into sex work and the trafficking phenomenon associated with them. The study was conducted in three phases: (a) nation-wide survey of sex work and trafficking impact; (b) in-depth interviews with child and adult sex workers in Nepal and in India; and (c) investigation of community, family and non-family situations prior to the child becoming sex workers or women or girls falling victims to organized trafficking. The study identified the key elements in the prior family, social and community situations of commercial sex workers which are the causes of children entering sex work. It examines family, social and community situations which places children at risk of entering sex work. It further identifies the key elements in the prior family, social and community situations of trafficked girls and women which contribute to their being trafficked or entering sex work in India.
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